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Press and Research

About Students in America

  1. Graduation rates. Financial barriers keep students from graduating. Did you know that approximately 68 percent of high-school graduates enroll in some form of postsecondary education in the year following graduation (Mortenson 1998; Alexander 2000)? However, according to the 2002 Census data, only "one-quarter" (27 percent) of adults age 25 and older had at least a bachelor's degree in 2002.
  2. Demographics of students. "[D]emographic studies show that by 2010, four states—California, Florida, New York, and Texas—will contain fully one-third of the nation's youth population. Perhaps even more significantly, all four of these states will have 'minority' youth populations of more than 50 percent. Three additional states will have minority youth populations of more than 40 percent (Hodgkinson, 1993). Nationwide, nearly 35 percent of the youth population will be members of minority groups in 2010 (Bureau of the Census, 1995)."
Balz, F. J. and M. R. Esten. "Fulfilling Private Dreams, Serving Public Priorities: An Analysis of TRIO Student's Success at Independent Colleges and Universities," Journal of Negro Education 67(4) (1998): 333–45.

Low-Income Students

  1. When discussing access to higher education one must ask: access to what? Note, "46.7 percent of lower-income students are at public two-year colleges, more than three times the percentage of upper-income students (12.9 percent) and more than five times the percentage of the richest students (8.1 percent) . . . the combined effects of tuition increases and limitations on federal student aid may be impairing the ability of lower-income students . . . to gain access to institutions other than community colleges" (McPherson and Shapiro, 1999).
  2. "Robert L. Moore, executive director of the California Postsecondary Education Commission, says that a 60 percent increase in tuition at the state's 108 community colleges . . . could reduce the number of community-college students by 100,000. The University of California and Cal-State systems will not even admit students or allow transfer students at some campuses in the spring [of 2004], in an effort to keep costs down." Michael Arnone, "Students Face Another Year of Big Tuition Increases in Many States," Chronicle of Higher Education, 15 August 2003.
  3. "For the 2003–4 academic year, the average cost of tuition, room, and board at a four-year public college was equal to 70 percent of family income for families earning up to $25,207, a jump of more than 10 percent in the last three years, as wages for that demographic remained stagnant, according to Ms. Baum. Meanwhile, for families making $98,886 or more, the cost of sending a student to college remained at 6 percent of income for the last three years." E. Farrell, "Public-College Tuition Rise is Largest in Three Decades," Chronicle of Higher Education, 31 October2003.
  4. "Within the last decade, the federal government has begun to use the tax code to assist families with annual incomes up to $100,000 with educational expenses, although families with incomes below $20,000 a year typically do not have sufficient tax liability to benefit from these programs" (Choy, 2004, and the U.S. General Accounting Office, 2002).
  5. "The National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges found in a survey conducted last month that more than 25 state colleges or university systems—over one-third of the respondents—increased their tuition by between 10 percent and 20 percent. In addition, five raised tuition by 20 percent or more, four by 25 percent or more, and another four by 30 percent or more. Some of those percentage increases were stunning: 25 percent at the City University of New York system; 30 percent at the University of California system; and 39.2 percent at Northern Arizona University." Michael. Arnone, "Students Face Another Year of Big Tuition Increases in Many States," Chronicle of Higher Education, 15 August 2003.

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