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Press and Research

Public Institutions

  1. "As a result of public revenue declines experienced by colleges and universities in the United States, student tuition and fees increased sharply to offset reductions in state appropriations during the 1980s and early 1990s. From 1980 to 1995, tuition and fees as a source of institutional revenue grew from 12.9% to 18.9% at public institutions" (Alexander 2000).
  2. "Between 2001–02 and 2002–03 tuition rose by 9 percent at public four-year institutions and by 7 percent at public two-year institutions" Susan P. Choy,Paying for College: Changes Between 1990 and 2000 for Full-Time Dependent Undergraduates (NCES, 2004), 075.
  3. "The sticker price of tuition at four-year public colleges surged at its highest rate in three decades in 2003–4, rising 14 percent over the previous year, according to the College Board's annual survey released [in October 2003]" E. Farrell, "Public College Tuition Rise is Largest in Three Decades," Chronicle of Higher Education, 31 October 2003.

Private Colleges and Universities

  1. In 2005, "tuition will rise at private colleges and universities at the same rate as last year, 6 percent, and will average just over $18,000, according to an annual survey released on Thursday, July 8, 2004, by the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities." K. Nichols, "Tuition Increases at Private Colleges Will Average 6% in 2004–5, Survey Finds," Chronicle of Higher Education, 9 July 2004.
  2. For more on the increases in private institutions see M. Rooney, "Higher and Higher," Chronicle of Higher Education, 9 May 2003.

Reductions in Enrollment by Race

  1. In Stampen and Reeve's 1985 article "Student Aid and Public Higher Education: Recent Changes," they state that from 1981 to 1985, the total student aid dollars for students attending public institutions declined from roughly $7.2 billion to $6.7 billion. There is a substantial impact on enrollment when state institutions raise their fees: a $1,000 increase in tuition charges at public four-year institutions reduces enrollment in that sector by 13.7% for whites and by 21.4% for blacks. In Thomas J. Kane's manuscript Taking Stock at the End of Three Decades of Federal Financial Aid (1998).

Tuition Caps

  1. U.S. Rep. Howard P. (Buck) McKeon, a California Republican, says that "colleges that increase their tuition and fees by twice the rate of inflation or higher for two years in a row would face sanctions, including a possible loss of eligibility to participate in federal student-aid programs." (The rate of inflation was 1.6 percent in 2001 and 2.4 percent in 2002 and yet some public colleges were increasing tuition at 62.5% and 40.7% from the year before.) S. Burd, "High Stakes on Tuition: Colleges Must Control It or Face Stiff Penalties, Key Congressman Says," Chronicle of Higher Education, 2 May 2003.

Degree/Credit Inflation

  1. Some master's programs currently require 78 to 90 credits to graduate; whereas doctorates in philosophy are traditionally 72 credits. Academic fields often seek ways to legitimize the degree by increasing the credit hours to complete the program, thus dramatically increasing the students' debt for professions that do not have the same return as doctoral degrees. For more on this topic see R. Collins, "Credential Inflation and the Future of Universities," in The Future of the City of Intellect: The Changing American University. Brint. (Stanford University Press, 2002).
  2. [If] students are required to pay more, that will only create more problems for other sectors of the economy . . . If students use more of their income for college, they will spend less in the private marketplace, causing stagnation in the consumer businesses" I. Shor,Critical Teaching and Everyday Life, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987).

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